What is a Cardiologist?
A cardiologist is a doctor with special training and skill in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Cardiologists receive a rigorous education, including four years of medical school and three years of training in general internal medicine.
After this, a cardiologist spends three or more years in specialized training. That is 10 additional years of training.
If your general medical doctor feels that you might have a serious heart or related condition, he or she will often refer you to consult a cardiologist.
Symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pains, or dizzy spells often require special examination.
Occasionally, heart murmurs or ECG changes need the evaluation of a cardiologist.
Cardiologists aid people with heart disease to resume full, functional lives and counsel patients about the risks and prevention of heart disease.
Furthermore, cardiologists are involved in the treatment of heart attacks, heart failure, and significant heart rhythm disturbances.
Their skills and training are essential whenever decisions are made about procedures such as cardiac catheterization, balloon angioplasty, or heart surgery.
Some of the Top Cardiologists In Singapore
Gerard Leong Cardiology Clinic
At Gerard Leong Cardiology Clinic (GLCC), their experienced team offers the best cardiology treatment available for heart disease in Singapore, customized to their patient’s needs, as part of their comprehensive evidence-based heart care service for their patients. Dr. Gerard Leong is specialized in heart failure, echocardiography imaging, cardio-obstetrics, cardio-oncology, and resistant hypertension care. They offer the best cardiology treatment available in Singapore, customized to individual needs.
Services: Heart failure, Echocardiography Imaging, Cardio-obstetrics, Cardio-oncology, Resistant Hypertension Care
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||1 Farrer Park Station Road, Connexion, #13-09, Farrer Park Medical Centre, Singapore 217562|
|Telephone||+65 6993 7353|
|Operating Hours||8.30 am to 5 pm (Weekdays)
8.30 am to 1 pm (Saturday)
|Specialty||Dr. Daniel Yeo is a Senior Consultant Cardiologist and Medical Director of Apex Heart Clinic in Gleneagles Hospital, Heart Failure Specialist. At Apex Heart Clinic, he provides a comprehensive evaluation of the heart and its function, including 12-Lead Electrocardiography, Treadmill Stress Test, Echocardiography, 24-Hour ECG and Blood Pressure, and Cardiac CT.
Services: Trans-Oesophageal Echocardiography, Ultrasound-guided Pericardiocentesis, Haemodynamic Tailored Therapy, Iron-repletion therapy, Endomyocardial Biopsy
|Pricing||Request a quotation: ApexHeartClinic@gmail.com|
|Address||Block 6A Napier Rd, #04-37, Singapore 258500|
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5.30pm|
|Specialty||Dr. Loh Yee Jim is one of the most experienced congenital heart surgeons in Singapore. He is the past head of cardiothoracic surgery service at KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (KKH). Under his leadership, KKH is leading the nation in having the best outcomes after congenital heart surgery, with care.
Services: Valve replacement, Valve repair, Heart failure surgery, Corona Artery Bypass Grafting, Arrhythmia Surgery
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||38 Irrawaddy Road #08-34 Singapore 329563|
|Telephone||(+65) 6690 4088|
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5pm (Weekdays) 9 am to 12pm (Saturday)|
|Specialty||Dr. Eric Hong is an experienced cardiologist in Singapore who has been dedicated to cardiology since the 1990s. He is a cardiologist doubly accredited in the United States in Interventional Cardiology and Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging. He headed NUH as Director of Nuclear Cardiology and Imaging, Director of Exercise and Cardiac Rehabilitation.
Services: PET Scan, Echocardiography, Cardiac Stress Testing, CT Coronary Angiography, Calcium Scoring
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||3 Mount Elizabeth, #03-09 Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre Singapore 228510|
|Telephone||+65 6736 1068|
|Operating Hours||Monday to Friday: 0830 – 1700 hrs
Saturday: 0830 – 1300 hrs
|Specialty||Dr. Ang Teck Kee is a consultant and interventional cardiologist with special interests in stroke prevention and preventive health care. He brings with him a conscientious, non-judgemental, and caring approach, that has successfully helped many patients in dealing with cardiac conditions. Dr. Ang performed 3,000 coronary angiographies, percutaneous coronary interventions.
Services: Stroke prevention, Interventional cardiology, coronary angiographies, percutaneous coronary interventions
|Pricing||Request a quotation: +65-66902972|
|Address||Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre 3 Mount Elizabeth, #14-13 Singapore 228510|
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5 pm (Weekdays) 9 am to 1 pm (Saturday)|
Cardiac Center International
|Specialty||With the specialty of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Dr. Lee specializes in managing heart rhythm problems and pacemaker insertion among many other advanced cardiac-related procedures. Their cardiologist prevents, detects & treats — offering you complete care for your heart. Their clinic is in the heart of Orchard for easy accessibility, optimized service efficiency.
Services: Cardiac Arrhythmia, Coronary Artery Disease, Hypertension, Cardiac Device Implantation, Catheter Ablation
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, 3 Mount Elizabeth #07-04 Singapore 228510|
|Telephone||(65) 6253 1000|
|Operating Hours||Mon – Fri: 9 am – 5 pm
Sat: 9am – 1pm
|Specialty||Dr. Leslie Tay is a Consultant Cardiologist & Physician with more than 15 years of clinical experience. He specializes in Interventional Cardiology with expertise in managing patients with complex coronary artery disease. Interventional Cardiology is the treatment of heart conditions using minimally invasive techniques. He trained in the United Kingdom.
Services: Angiogram, Angioplasty, Optical Coherence Tomography, Intravascular Ultrasound, Rotational atherectomy
|Pricing||Request a quotation: (65) 8781 3488|
|Address||38 Irrawaddy Road #08-51 Mount Elizabeth Novena Specialist Centre Singapore 329563|
(65) 6262 0677
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5.30pm|
|Specialty||The Heart Specialist Clinic was established in 2000 by Dr. Teo Wee Siong. Since then other doctors who are super-specialists in their own subspecialty in Cardiology came on board to work as a team. The clinic focuses on providing all general cardiology consultations, and specialized cardiac investigations to all.
Services: Cardiac Electrophysiology, Advanced Cardiac Imaging, Interventional Cardiology, ECG, 2D Echocardiogram
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||3 Mount Elizabeth # 14-10, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre Singapore 228510|
|Operating Hours||8 am to 5 pm|
|Specialty||Dr. Wong Siong Sung is the Senior Consultant Cardiologist and Medical Director of Healthy Heart Specialist Centre and Somerset Imaging Centre in Singapore. His areas of interest in Cardiology include cardiovascular computed tomography, cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, echocardiography, nuclear cardiology, coronary angiography, and coronary artery stenting, Assistant Professor at NUS.
Services: Cardiovascular CT, Cardiac MRI, Echocardiogram, Nuclear Cardiology, Cardiac Catheterization
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||111 Somerset Road, Units 03-21 to 03-24, TripleOne Somerset, Singapore 238164|
|Specialty||Dr. Julian Tan is a pioneer in Interventional cardiology and is highly qualified in treating patients with heart diseases, including the most advanced forms of valvular, coronary, heart rhythm, or heart muscle disorders. With 20 years of experience in practice, Dr. Tan treated over 1,000 blocked heart arteries in Singapore.
Services: Echocardiography, Angioplasty, Stenting, Cardiac Catheterization, Echocardiogram
|Pricing||Request a quotation: +65 8878 8912|
|Address||#14-09/10 Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, 3 Mount Elizabeth Singapore 228510|
|Telephone||+65 8878 8912|
|Operating Hours||8 am to 5 pm|
|Specialty||Dr. Lim Ing Haan is an experienced Interventional Cardiologist trained in managing complex coronary artery diseases in her heart specialist clinic Singapore. After completing her specialist training in Internal Medicine at Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH) and National University Hospital (NUH), she became a Member of the Royal College of Physicians.
Services: Radial angioplasty, Complex coronary intervention, chronic total occlusion, Saphenous vein grafts, percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||#04-02 Medical Centre, Mount Elizabeth, 228510|
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5.30pm|
|Specialty||Raffles Heart Centre is a one-stop center for your cardiovascular needs. From screening, diagnosis, and treatment of heart conditions such as arrhythmia, coronary and valvular heart disease, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, this center of excellence adopts world-class advanced technology and facilities. You can expect quality care and service.
Services: 2D Echocardiogram, Coronary CT Angiogram, Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting, Heart Valve Surgery, Pacemakers, Defibrillators & Cardiac Implants
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||Level 10, Raffles Specialist Centre 585 North Bridge Road Singapore 188770|
|Telephone||+65 6311 2260|
|Operating Hours||Mon – Fri: 8:30 am to 6:00 pm
Sat: 8:30 am to 1:00 pm
|Specialty||Dr. Paul Chiam is a Cardiologist specializing in Interventional Cardiology. He is an Adjunct Associate Professor at the National University of Singapore, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, and a Visiting Consultant at the National University Heart Centre Singapore, and Ng Teng Fong General Hospital Singapore, led valve replacement procedure.
Services: Minimally invasive heart valve therapies, Complex coronary angioplasty, Peripheral artery angioplasty, Carotid artery stenting, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||3 Mount Elizabeth #08-06 Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre Singapore 228510|
|Telephone||(+65) 6735 3022|
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5.30pm (Weekdays) 9 am to 1 pm (Saturday)|
|Specialty||Prof Choo practices Cardiology and Internal Medicine at Farrer Park Hospital. He is currently an Adjunct Professor with the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine (NTU and Imperial College). His subspecialty areas of focus are percutaneous coronary intervention, heart failure, valvular heart disease, lipid disorders, and hypertension. He was Professor, NUH.
Services: Percutaneous coronary intervention, heart failure, valvular heart disease, lipid disorders, hypertension
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||1 Farrer Park Station Rd, #07-07 to 08 Connexion, Singapore 217562|
|Telephone||+65 6363 6060|
|Operating Hours||8:30 am – 5:30 pm|
|Specialty||Asian Heart & Vascular Centre (AHVC) is a complete specialist heart center committed to providing you with the highest quality of care, matched with the best standards of clinical excellence. Their dedicated team of cardiologists hold vast experience in managing a wide range of cardiovascular diseases, utilizing holistic treatment methods.
Services: Coronary artery disease, Heart failure, Cardiac arrhythmia, Heart valve problems, congenital heart disease
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||38 Irrawaddy Road #08-58 to 63 Singapore 329563|
|Telephone||(+65) 6339 3638|
|Operating Hours||8:30am–5pm (Weekdays), 8.30 am to 1pm (Saturday)|
|Specialty||Dr. Tan Kok Soon is the Senior Consultant Cardiologist and Medical Director of Orchard Heart Specialist Clinic. He graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery from Trinity College, Ireland in 1985. He was a foundation scholar of the College, recipient of the MacCarthy Gold Medal, member, the Royal College of Physicians.
Services: Angiogram, Angioplasty, Pacemaker, Atrial Appendage, Pace Bundle
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||3 Mount Elizabeth, #06-06, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore 228510|
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5pm (Weekdays) 9 am to 1pm (Saturday)|
|Specialty||Dr. Peter Yan is currently a Consultant Cardiologist and Physician in private practice at Gleneagles and Mt. Elizabeth Hospitals. He graduated from the National University of Singapore (NUS) with a bachelor’s in medicine and Surgery (MBBS) in 1976. He completed his residency in Internal Medicine, Master of Medicine (Internal Medicine),1981.
Services: Anti-platelet and anti coagulation therapy, coronary interventional devices, Cardiology, Cardiopulmonary Critical Care and Epidemiology, hypertension
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||6 Napier Rd, Singapore 258499|
|Operating Hours||Mon to Fri : 9:00am to 5:30pm
Sat : 9:00am to 1:00pm
|Specialty||Dr. Soon Chao Yang is an Interventional Cardiologist at The Heart Doctors Clinic in Mount Alvernia Hospital. Prior to setting up The Heart Doctors Clinic, he was Medical Director with Nobel Specialist Practice Group, the Senior Cardiologist at Nobel Heart Centre. He is a member of the Mount Alvernia Medical Advisory Board.
Services: Coronary Angiogram, Coronary Angioplasty, Echocardiography, Pacemaker Implantation, Cardioversion
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||Mount Alvernia Hospital,820 Thomson Road, Mount Alvernia Medical Centre D, #05-56, S(574623)|
|Telephone||65 6256 5680|
|Operating Hours||9 am to 5.30pm (Weekdays), 9 am to 12.30pm(Sat)|
|Specialty||They are a team of dedicated professionals who are committed to providing excellent cardiac care based on current best practices and the needs of our patients. They seek to be a leading cardiology service in Asia based on current best practices and guidelines, at a competitive price, patient’s interest first.
Services: Atrial arrhythmias, catheter ablation, interventional cardiology, preventative cardiology, echocardiography
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||38 Irrawaddy Road #06-42, Mount Elizabeth Novena, Specialist Centre Singapore 329563|
|Telephone||+65 6397 2004|
|Operating Hours||Mon to Fri: 8.00am to 5:30pm
Sat: 8:30am to 12:30pm
|Specialty||Dr. Michael Lim is an internationally renowned interventional cardiologist with extensive experience in computerized tomography (CT) imaging of the heart, pioneer of using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of heart arteries in place of invasive tests. He was among the pioneer group of doctors who formed the Cardiac department in NUH.
Services: Electrocardiogram, Echocardiogram, CT Coronary Angiogram, MRA Coronary, CTA Coronary
|Pricing||Request a quotation: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Address||101 Irrawaddy Road, #07-01, Singapore 329565|
|Telephone||(+65) 6931 2000|
|Operating Hours||8.30 am to 6 pm (Weekdays),8.30 am to 1 pm(Saturday)|
|Specialty||Dr. Eric Silvio Chong completed general cardiology training in National University Hospital (NUH) Singapore in 2008. He has been a registered cardiologist since then. He was the first Singapore cardiologist to win a First Prize in the Young Investigator Award Competition in the Asia Pacific Congress of Cardiology in 2007.
Services: Coronary angioplasty, left main stenting, rota-blation, intravascular ultrasound, interventional cardiology
|Pricing||Request a quotation: email@example.com|
|Address||Medical Suite #15-01, Farrer Park Hospital, Connexion Medical Complex,1 Farrer Park Station Road, Singapore 217562|
|Operating Hours||10 am to 9 pm|
How Does a Cardiologist Perform Consultations
Whether the cardiologist sees you in the office or in the hospital, he or she will review your medical history and perform a physical examination which includes checking your blood pressure, weight, heart, lungs, and blood vessels.
Some problems may be diagnosed by your symptoms and the doctor’s findings when you are examined. You may need additional tests such as an ECG, X-ray, or blood test.
Other problems will require more specialized testing. Your cardiologist may recommend lifestyle changes or medicine. Each patient’s case is different.
A cardiologist usually serves as a consultant to other doctors. Your physician may recommend a cardiologist, or you may choose one yourself.
As your cardiac care proceeds, your cardiologist will guide your treatment and plan tests and treatment with the doctors and nurses who are looking after you. There are basic questions to remember to ask, in addition to whatever questions are on your mind. For instance, if you have had a coronary angiogram, you may ask to see the pictures of your heart and have your cardiologist explain what they mean.
Your heart and health are, of course, vitally important to you. Remember, your cardiologist wants you to understand your illness and be an active participant in your own care.
Congenital heart surgeons care for babies and children with holes between the heart chambers or abnormal connections within the heart.
What Do Cardiac or Cardiovascular Specialists Treat
Listed below are some examples of diseases treated:
- Coronary artery disease or blockages of the arteries in the heart
- Blockages in the heart valve(s)
- Leaking heart valve(s)
- Abnormal enlargement, aneurysms of the large arteries in the chest
- Heart failure
- Atrial fibrillation
- Esophageal cancer
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Hiatal hernias
- Swallowing disorders such as achalasia
A congenital heart surgeon could treat:
- Atrial septal defects
- Ventricular septal defects
- Coarctation of the aorta
- Hypoplastic left or right heart syndrome
- Transposition of the great arteries
A cardiologist treats diseases of the heart and blood vessels. These include:
- Heart attack
- Heart failure
- Heart valve problems
- Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)
- High blood pressure
About Cardiology in Singapore:
There are 3 main types of cardiologists in Singapore:
1. Non-Invasive Cardiologist
Non-invasive heart doctors manage patients in the outpatient setting. Their role is to prevent and manage heart-related problems, such as hypertension and heart failure.
They perform diagnostic heart screening tests to uncover heart issues, such as exercise tests or MRI imaging.
2. Interventional Cardiologists
Invasive heart doctors receive additional sub-specialty and fellowship training in performing “angioplasties,” or cardiac catheterization
3. Electrophysiologists (EP)
Electrophysiology is the study of the bio-electrical impulses of the heart. These electrical impulses control the pace of one’s heartbeat. When this stops functioning, abnormal heart rhythms can result.
How Do I Choose Between A Public And Private Practitioner
You can choose between consulting public hospital cardiologists or private practice cardiologists.
It is faster seeing a heart doctor in private practice – clinic front desks are normally happy to give you an appointment within 1 to 2 days. Most accept walk-in patients too.
Alternatively, the wait time to see a heart specialist under subsidized care at the National Heart Centre (NHC) can take up to 4 – 6 weeks, and they do not accept walk-ins.
Naturally, you also have the option to see a National Heart Centre cardiologist via the unsubsidized “private route.” This allows you to:
Choose and follow up with the same heart specialist
Get a quicker appointment date
Private heart specialists typically charge about $150 – $200 for a first consultation.
Medications will typically add on another $100 – $200 in total to your final bill.
At the National Heart Centre, the rates for seeing a cardiologist are as follows:
Consultation Singapore Citizen Private
First Consultation $57 $120 – $155
Follow-up Consultation $38 $79 – $112
Even if you go as a new patient via a polyclinic referral, rest assured that a consultant will still be seeing you on your first visit.
However, you’ll usually first be seen by a Medical Officer beforehand.
Subsidies that patients can claim for Cardiology in Singapore
To qualify for subsidized care to see a cardiologist, you need to:
- Be a Singaporean or a Permanent Resident (holding a Singapore NRIC), and
- Obtain a referral letter from a Polyclinic, or from a SAF medical officer/camp
Patients who do NOT qualify for any subsidies include:
- Those referred to see a specific cardiologist
Referrals made by a private doctor or private hospital
- Medisave can be used for the following approved treatments –
Withdrawal limit of $500 per Medisave account per year:
Approved chronic diseases:
- Pre-diabetes (Pre-DM)
- Cholesterol and lipid disorders
- Ischaemic Heart Disease
- 2. Withdrawal limit of $600 per Medisave account per year:
- Outpatient MRI scans
- CT scans
- Ultrasound scans
Treatment for Ischaemic Heart Disease: Median Treatment Costs
The median medical charges for receiving treatment for Ischaemic Heart Disease-triggered ailments cost S$2,944 in any government-subsidized ward, S$11,618 in any government unsubsidized ward, or S$24,149 in any Private Hospital. Ischaemic Heart Disease (alternately termed as coronary artery disease) may result in cardiac failure, chest pains, heart attacks, or cardiac arrest. Treatments for such ailments encompass procedures like checking for chest pain or heart bypass operations.
Often trending, general charges for basic issues like chest pain treatment or high blood pressure therapy remain low, often lower than S$700 in any government-subsidized ward. Nonetheless, complex treatments, like heart attack surgical operations, or bypass surgery, might bill patients reaching up to several thousand dollars. To consider, heart bypass surgery in any government-subsidized wards amount to average charges of S$6,966, while the median charges rise to S$75,398 at Private Hospitals.
|Average Bill Size for Ischaemic Heart Disease Treatment|
|Procedure||Public Sub.||Public Unsub.||Private|
|Admission for High Blood Pressure||S$614||S$1,956||S$4,751|
|Admission for Chest Pain (No Complications)||S$677||S$1,912||S$5,895|
|Heart Failure (No Complications)||S$1,113||S$3,355||S$7,708|
|Heart Attack (No Complications)||S$1,293||N/A||N/A|
|Heart Angiography (Overnight)||S$2,045||S$6,011||S$8,718|
|PTCA (No Heart Attack)||S$6,437||S$20,914||S$36,017|
|Heart Attack (w/ PTCA)||S$6,308||S$17,258||S$40,201|
|Conventional Heart Bypass Surgery||S$6,966||S$36,682||S$75,398|
|Data Source: Ministry of Health|
Pricing for Heart Disease Medication
High blood pressure and high cholesterol levels are regular risk factors, along with the general symptoms of heart, cardiac diseases. So, your physician might prescribe medicine for treating such symptoms to stop heart diseases from worsening. The median prices of generic hypertension (high blood pressure) medicine vary from S$0.26 per tablet to S$0.46 per tablet.
Generic hypertension medicines usually are priced 75% lower than branded medicine, however, offer similar potency, hence proving prudent treatment options for cost-cutting patients. The highest-priced versions of high blood pressure medicine are pills holding both calcium channel blockers with statin medications (e.g., Caduet). These versions of medicines remedy high blood pressure, chest pain, or reduce blood pressure. These hold a median cost varying from S$4.17 to S$4.65 per capsule.
|Median Price of High Blood Pressure Medicine (Per Tablet/Capsule/Sachet)|
|Medication Class||Lowest Cost||Highest Cost|
|ACE Inhibitors & Diuretic||S$1.85||S$2.10|
|AT-II Receptor Blockers||S$2.12||S$2.34|
|AT II Receptor Blockers & Diuretics||S$2.11||S$2.34|
|Beta Blockers & Calcium Channel Blockers||S$1.48||S$1.62|
|Beta Blockers & Diuretics||S$1.41||S$1.52|
|Calcium Channel Blockers||S$1.45||S$1.66|
|Calcium Channel Blockers & Diuretics||S$4.17||S$4.65|
|Other (Alpha-1 Blocker, Alpha-2-Agonist, etc.)||S$0.61||S$0.77|
Pricing Reports: Pharmaceutical Society of Singapore
Likewise, hyperlipidemia (high blood cholesterol) medicine are alternative types of drugs prescribed to treat symptoms and cutting overall susceptibility to ischaemic cardiac illness. The median bills for generic hyperlipidemia medicine vary from S$2.70 to S$3.05 per tablet. Branded medicines are priced at about 1.4 times higher than generic medicines. Statin medicines inclusive of Crestor, are very widely prevalent versions of cholesterol medicine within Singapore.
These also are the costliest, with a median price ranging from S$3.93 to S$4.44 per tablet. Fibrate medicines, like Lipofen, are the least costly version of cholesterol medicine while holding a median cost varying over S$1.41 to S$1.69 per tablet. Fibrates get prescribed to patients allergic to taking statin medicines. Though this works less effectively than statins for reducing LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) composition, these work more effectively than statins for increasing HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol).
|Median Prices of Cholesterol Medication (Per Capsule/Sachet/Tablet)|
|Medication Class||Lowest Price||Highest Price|
|Statin & Calcium||Channel Blockers||S$4.17 S$4.65|
Reference: Pharmaceutical Society of Singapore
Cerebrovascular Disease Treatment: Median Pricing, Costs
Regular median charges for cerebrovascular disease treatments amount to S$2,764 in government-subsidized wards, S$7,882 in government unsubsidized wards, or S$16,976 in Private Hospitals. A widely prevalent ailment classified generally as the cerebrovascular disease is stroke. Regularly trending, treatment becomes priced much higher supposing strokes are accompanied by complications or supposing comorbidity simultaneously afflicts, (stroke or more ailments afflicting the patient with a simultaneous presence).
Doctors observe that stroke treatments for basic complications cost 31-36% higher than stroke treatments for no complications in government hospitals. Moreover, general bills may rise by 80%, supposing stroke complications turn out as severe. Full bills for treating strokes that have complications are much higher at Private Hospitals. To consider, many observe medical treatments for stroke patients suffering basic complications could charges patients 145% higher in costs than treatments for strokes with no complications at any hospital.
|Median Bill Size for Cerebrovascular Disease Treatment|
|Procedure||Public Sub.||Public Unsub.||Private|
|Stroke (No Complications)||S$1,787||S$4,902||S$9,836|
|Stroke (w/ Complications)||S$2,342||S$6,681||S$24,116|
|Stroke (Serious Complications)||S$4,162||S$12,060||N/A|
|Data Origin: Ministry of Health|
Median Pricing of Arrhythmia Treatment
The median charges for treating arrhythmias, inclusive of erratic heartbeats, or heart palpitations, are S$3,415 in a government-subsidized ward, S$13,744 in government unsubsidized wards, or S$16,279 in private hospitals. Usually, regular treatments for heart palpitations or erratic heartbeat often costs less than S$2,400 generally in any government hospital.
Nonetheless, supposing arrhythmia fails to improve with conventional medicine, treatment may prove highly expensive. Trending average costs of treating any erratic heart rhythms with burning heart tissue charge S$5,959 at any government-subsidized ward, S$25,132 at any unsubsidized ward, or S$28,660 at any government hospital.
|Average Treatment Bills for Arrhythmia or Related Complication Treatments|
|Procedure||Public Sub.||Public Unsub.||Private|
|Heart Palpitation Treatment^||S$536||N/A||S$5,592|
|Treatment for Irregular Heart Rhythm, Lack of Heartbeat||S$871||S$2,356||S$4,798|
|Burning of Heart Tissue||S$5,959||S$25,132||S$28,660|
|^ 2017 Figures|
|Data Source: Ministry of Health|
Median Bills for Cardiovascular Treatment in Hospital Wards
Trending median charges for treating most heart conditions within inpatient capacities cost S$2,929 at any government-subsidized ward. Government unsubsidized wards bill 2.82 times higher than government-subsidized wards. Private hospital treatment charges double relative to treatments from government unsubsidized wards or five times greater treatment within government-subsidized wards.
Trending median charges for day surgery treating regular ischaemic heart disease treatment and diagnosis costs S$3,922 at government-subsidized wards. Day surgery in any government unsubsidized ward bills 2.25 times the amount, while the average charges amount to S$12,767.
Cardiovascular Disease Treatment: Methods of submitting bills
Costs for cardiovascular disease treatments could get pricey as heart ailments might turn chronic or could necessitate frequent check-ups or prescriptions. One may foot bills using many distinct payment methods. A primary means is tapping on one’s Medi-Save.
One may draw sums of S$450 daily to pay hospital bills or draw between S$250 to S$7,550 for inpatient or Day Surgery. Bill charges one can tap for surgeries vary with overall degrees of surgical complexity. Subsequently, one may tap on MediShield Life plans. These generally cover S$700 in bills daily for ordinary or S$1,200 for intensive care ward hospitalizations for daily charges.
One might tap from Integrated Shield Plans, functioning as supplementary health insurance support with MediShield Life. Many different insurer providers provide these; however, compensation is strictly standardized with all claims or may cover complete charges (not considering charges for deductibles or co-insurance) billed for hospital stays. Such modes of payment may prove helpful to those that would rather stay at B1 or A hospital wards, or private wards.
Nonetheless, premiums might grow along with age, hence one must consistently put in the effort to submit all premium payments prior to purchasing any scheme. Alternatively, one should make efforts to obtain a plan prior to contracting a form of cardiac chronic ailments, because these may get grouped in classes of pre-existing symptoms, diseases. These may result in expensive premiums or fractional, inadequate coverage.
Supposing uncovered charges remain too high, beyond one’s means, savings, you could draw from supplementary compensation through tapping Medi-Fund. Medi-Fund works as public social security funds for patients that lack the funds to foot bills of full charges upon drawing from Medi-Shield Life or Medi-Save.
Nonetheless, one must understand that for tapping Medi-Fund coverage, one needs to get treatments from Medi-Fund-approved hospitals. Also, one might then attempt to discuss with hospital staff if one has enough funds to foot bills or consider paying all bills through zero-interest payments.
Cardiologist Consultations: Pricing of Examinations, Checks
Consulting a Cardiologist is usually a must for patients that were diagnosed with, or who seek treatment that addresses heart or blood vessel-related disorders. Cardiologist doctors are expert, trained professionals that one can consult about all cardiac symptoms, diseases.
Many people are referred to consult a cardiologist to treat chest pains, treat breathing, respiratory problems or heart palpitations, erratic heartbeat, felt with sensations of heart racing, irregular pulse.
Total bills for cardiologist consultations vary with the consulted specialist, clinic’s physical address, insurance coverage extended, the full complexity of one’s heart problems. Usually trending, bill charges for cardiologist consultations, excluding tests conducted, might generally cost over $193 to $505 per consultation excluding insurance.
Supposing one gets referred to consult a cardiologist, expect to consult about 2 to 3 times to receive full diagnoses, treatment solutions, to get complete tests performed, or final diagnoses. To consider full costs, these factors add to complete charges, factoring tests, to around $792 or even above $2972, excluding insurance.
Cardiovascular Consulting reports most regular consultations excluding insurance could amount to the $198 to $396 range, also, these could factor in-clinic consultations, cardiac tests conducted, or an EKG. Final bill charges usually are based on the overall information cardiologist might need to determine, or methods prescribed, performed, to treat heart disorders. Supposing the EKG does not diagnose clearly, considering, further tests might be conducted, billing $495 to $990 +, in cumulative costs added on.
Cardiology Consultation: Medical Examinations, Scans, Tests
The 1st consultation with a cardiologist may usually involve a regular check-up or EKG test, that may reveal to doctors the progress of heartbeat movements recorded in real-time. In most regular cases, patients may get referred to cardiologists by one’s regular general practitioner.
The doctor may request blood or urine samples to check for abnormalities, in order to prescribe proper treatment. In case further tests are needed, one could have returned for further consultations on later appointed dates to complete relevant checks. Such specialized tests may include a stress examination or echocardiogram.
Further possible costs added on
EKG tests are often regularly conducted over one’s 1st cardiologist consultation for checking precisely how one’s heartbeat is taking place, unfolding, in real-time. For these checks, the cardiologists might tag electrodes to one’s chest to check test results over real-time displayed on monitors. These checks are priced around $14 to $44.
Further checks, based on one’s needs, may then line up. These could require a stress check, an echocardiogram, possibly even both. A stress test will show if one has clogged artery valves, whereas an echocardiogram could potentially check for disorders in valves or muscles in the heart chambers.
Such tests often are conducted over a 1st consultation; nonetheless, in many regular cases, the cardiologist might fix another repeat check fixed at a later appointment. Stress checks, varying with the test format, might be very affordable at $148 to high costs at about $2972, whereas echocardiogram checks may bill charges from $297 to over about $743.
Expect to consult a cardiologist for about 3 visits to get a full diagnosis. A 1st visit could involve general consultations, during which cardiologists may try to perform interrogations about one’s symptoms, then deliver a proper diagnosis, opinion, prescribe possible treatments.
In case stress checks or echocardiogram is needed, one may possibly be requested to return for separate appointments to undergo more prescribed diagnostic tests, also, the final diagnosis might get communicated during a later visit, adding up to around 3 consultations at least.
Advice for patients: Recommendations, Tips, Suggestions on consulting a Cardiologist
Determine with cardiologists how lab checks get billed in components. Supposing these must get taken in a hospital, final bills may be substantially higher than having tests conducted with a nearby polyclinic, GP.
Many professional boards for cardiology caution against stress checks to screen the heart if no symptoms are displayed. The seasoned cardiologist may request this version of checks if one exhibits symptoms like chest pain, heart palpitations, or having difficulties in breathing.
Ways to reduce, cut down overall costs of medical bills
Try to double-check with insurance coverage providers to confirm if treatments are insured, as insurance coverage can reduce full bills, or coverage may offer medical checks for no charges, in full. Supposing you lack insurance coverage, try getting a heavier deductible policy from providers that offer Medical Coverage to ease, reduce full medical bills.
Get access to staggering bill payments if you cannot pay up total charges at once. Many clinics will be willing to help you access payment modes that can fit any customized budget.
Most clinics may provide substantial bill discounts if you request in advance. In all cases, even with insurance, it might cost much less to pay this way.
Apex Comprehensive Heart & Health Check-up
$1070* (Stress Echocardiogram) or $1498* (CT Coronary Angiogram)
With modern frenetic living, work is prioritized, health is a low priority. With poor health, one loses the capacity to enjoy spending wealth. Most health issues encroach insidiously. When symptoms finally begin to manifest, damage to organs could already be present.
Most health issues like High Blood Pressure (Hypertension), High Blood Sugar (Diabetes), High Cholesterol (Hypercholesterolaemia) often begin with the 30-40 age group, or may lead to grave complications like Heart Attack, Stroke, Peripheral Vascular Disease, or even Death.
Such conditions can get diagnosed by certain tests a cardiologist could prescribe. Once one passes major milestones in life, it is practical to get a full or comprehensive test of the heart conducted by a well-qualified Cardiologist, so that you may proceed to live comfortably through later milestones in your aging or have quality time with family.
- Interview, or Physical Examination by Consultant Cardiologist
- Weight, Height, Body Mass Index, Body Surface Area.
- Heart Checks
- Echocardiogram with Exercise Stress Echocardiogram, Chest X-ray
- CT Coronary Angiogram (Excluding any Chest X-ray)
- Blood Tests
- Complete Blood Counts
- Kidney Function
- Cholesterol Profile
- Total Cholesterol
- HDL Cholesterol
- LDL Cholesterol
- Total Cholesterol/HDL Cholesterol Ratio
- High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hs-CRP)
- Uric Acid
- Thyroxine, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
- Liver Function Test
- Total Protein
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio
- Total Bilirubin
- Alkaline Phosphatase
- Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)
- Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)
- Gamma-Glutamyl transferase (GGT)
- Urine Formed Elements and
- Microscopic Examination
- Evaluation and Explanation of Results
- Review by Consultant Cardiologist
- Includes 7% GST (Goods & Services Tax)
Many refer to such checks as “2D echo” or simply echo’. These tests provide a graphic outline of one’s heart beating. These are several of the most regular tests conducted in the typical cardiology clinic.
The Echo is a complete ultrasound scan of one’s heart. With many clinics, echo scanning gets conducted by a trained female cardiac physiologist within a private room that offers clothes switching facilities. The images can get reviewed instantly by a senior consultant.
The ultrasound scan closely displays the structure of one’s heart, inclusive of valves, muscles to detect all movement irregularities with a beating heart. Such checks are mostly safe, very secure. Such tests do not require dangerous, potentially hazardous exposure to radiation. Note that ultrasound is often used for scanning pregnant females to look, examine their babies’ growth.
Echo grants many, access to quantified capacities of one’s heart, full measured dimensions of the 4 chambers, or diagnoses existing structural problems, inclusive of holes inside one’s heart or valve malfunctioning. These often get performed on people suffering from Chest Pain, Breathlessness, Hypertension, Heart Murmurs or Abnormal ECG, and Chest X-Ray.
Patients having valve issues, previous heart surgeries or earlier heart attacks might need regular echo tests to check spreading symptoms. These are very important tests providing important checks for many prevalent versions of prevalent heart issues, disorders, symptoms, diseases, ailments, illnesses.
Q: Do patients need to fast for the test?
A: No, one may eat or drink as usual, prior to taking tests.
Q: How long does it take to perform the echocardiogram?
A: The test often extends just above 30 minutes.
Q: Are these tests painful?
A: Clinics usually give you a clean, comfy, loose-fitting pajama shirt to put on. One must lean on one’s left side very often for the duration of testing time. The cardiac physiologist may apply ultrasound gel to one’s chest or put a handheld ultrasound probe over your chest area, to scan probe images. One might be regularly requested to help clinics with scanning clear, detailed scans of heart chambers by briefly holding your breath.
Q: What is a Stress Echocardiogram (Echo)?
A: Stress echocardiograms (echo) are regular tests taken to diagnose the full performance of heart functions when confronted with stress.
Over such checks, patients may be instructed to exercise with a treadmill or still bicycle, as specific blood pressure or heart rhythm gets examined. During the peak levels of heart-pumping rates, the cardiologist may scan ultrasound images of a patient’s heart or composition. These images may reveal whether the heart muscles hold sufficient blood or oxygen upon facing stress. Such tests may assess the amounts of exercise (or stress) one may subject one’s heart to at full capacity.
Myocardial Perfusion Test: Features, Functions, Uses, Features
Myocardial perfusion tests, which are also termed nuclear stress tests, are imaging tests of one’s heart. Such tests are performed to analyze the performance of blood flow through all heart muscles or the general performance of the heart muscle’s pumping functions.
These are often conducted, following a heart attack to diagnose areas of broken heart tissue. This can be performed when the patient is resting, or with exercise. Such tests may alternatively get requested when patients experience chest pain, checking fully for coronary artery disease and myocardial infection. These are applied to screen blood circulation to heart muscles.
Raffles Heart Centre
|Specialist Consultant Fees||Rates (Without GST)||Rates (With GST)|
|Extended Consultation||From $170.00||From $181.90|
|Emergency / After-Office-Hours Consultation||From $170.00||From $181.90|
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