Ever wanted to make a simple mobile app with all the cool features and functionalities, only to realize that it takes more than one person to finish the job?
An app isn’t just a beautiful design and layout — it’s an entire ecosystem with many moving parts and a lot of complexity. You have the user interface, user experience, backend logic, server code, and system infrastructure to consider.
All these pieces must work together smoothly if your app is to be successful.
I like to think of an app as a car. You have the vehicle’s body, with its sleek design and shiny finish. But the car needs an engine to make it go, a steering wheel for navigation, and tires for getting around — you get the idea.
An app’s backend is like the car’s engine, the part you don’t see but that keeps everything running. And in recent years, the technology that powers this vital part of an app has evolved dramatically.
While developers have a long list of backend software solutions to choose from, one platform that’s gaining a lot of traction is Firebase.
Owned by Google, Firebase is a complete backend-as-a-service solution that makes it easy for developers to develop and scale apps.
With Firebase, you get powerful tools for handling things like user authentication, real-time data syncing, push notifications, and much more — without worrying about the infrastructure behind it or any of the nitty-gritty details.
So, if you’re looking to make a mobile app, Firebase is worth considering. And with its powerful combination of speed and simplicity, it could very well be the next big thing in app development.
So, What’s Firebase, and How Does it Work?
Launched in 2012 as the only framework capable of saving and synching information across various user interfaces on the fly, with databases that can be incorporated as an API or SDK, it’s no surprise that Firebase has quickly gained traction in the app development world.
While the promise to sync information in real-time was its initial draw, Firebase has evolved to become much more. It’s now a complete backend solution that developers can use to build and scale all types of apps, including mobile, web, and server-based applications.
So, to define, Firebase is a mobile app development framework offering real-time data handling, authentication, and push notification capabilities, syncing information across user interfaces and users in real time. It’s simple to use yet powerful enough to build complex apps that can scale easily and quickly.
With Firebase, any update you make to your app can be accessed and made available to all of its users in real time. You also get various tools for managing user authentication (like login, registration, and access controls) and robust data storage capabilities.
And if that wasn’t enough, Firebase integrates easily with many other services and platforms, including Google Cloud Platform, Facebook, Slack, and more. That makes it an ideal choice for mobile app developers looking to create fast, scalable apps that connect seamlessly with other services.
Brief History of Firebase
Firebase was founded in 2011 by Envolve, a startup owned by James Tamplin and Andrew Lee.
At the time, Envolve provided developers with an API that enables the integration of online chat functionality into websites, apps, and other online services. They soon realized this API would also make an excellent foundation for passing application data that weren’t necessarily chatting messages.
Some developers were using the chat API as a basis for syncing application data, such as the game state in real-time.
That led to the creation of Firebase, which became a standalone product in 2012. They would launch Firebase in April 2012 as a separate company.
Firebase’s first product was Firebase Real-time Database, an API that allows developers to synchronize data across multiple clients and interfaces, such as Android, iOS, and the web, storing data in the cloud.
In October 2014, Google acquired it for $80 million. A year later, they would also develop Divshot, merging the two product teams and bringing Firebase under the Google Cloud umbrella.
How Does Firebase Work?
Firebase is a toolset that makes it easy for developers to create and scale mobile, web, and server-based applications.
It provides powerful tools for handling real-time data syncing, authentication, push notifications, and more. The tools it gives cover a significant portion (if not all) of the services and capabilities you need to develop and maintain a successful app.
The best part, all these services are hosted in the cloud and can quickly scale with little to no effort from the developer.
By hosted in the cloud, I mean that the data is kept and accessed on Firebase servers, not on your own servers. You also don’t need to worry about managing or securing these servers yourself, as this is all handled by Firebase.
In other words, you can create a fully-functional app without worrying about the technical aspects of backend development and server management.
The SDKs provided with the backend services can be directly integrated into your application with no middleware.
How Does Firebase Differ from Other Backend Services?
The main difference between Firebase and other backend development services is its real-time data handling capabilities.
Most backend solutions require that you manually submit code updates to the server, which then sends messages back to the client application (also known as polling).
That makes it difficult to build dynamic apps, as the client application would need to be updated with new data every time a change is made on the server. That can also create performance issues that are hard to diagnose and fix.
Firebase allows for easy real-time syncing of data across all connected devices without having to write any additional code. It also means that your application can automatically receive updates to data as soon as they are saved on the server without having to append any additional code.
Firebase is also popular because it’s aimed at developers with limited experience with backend development and server management. It provides several tools for handling things like user authentication, push notifications, databases, real-time data syncing, and more – all without having to write a single line of code.
What’s the Difference Between Developing a Mobile Application Using Firebase and Traditional Development?
When developing an app the traditional way, you need to worry about writing both the frontend and backend code for your app.
The front invokes API endpoints implemented in the backend and manipulates data as required. On the other hand, the backend stores data and implements functionality that manipulates this data.
For example, say you’re working on a social networking app that allows users to add friends and share photos.
The front would handle things like login, adding friends, sharing posts, and receiving notifications, while the backend would implement the friend list, photo uploads, and other server logic.
When using Firebase, you’re essentially outsourcing the backend development work to a specialized team, including authentication, real-time data syncing across devices, and push notifications. That allows developers to bypass the backend coding work and focus on writing frontend code, which is often easier to understand and maintain.
Should Backend Engineers Be Worried?
While Firebase is making it much easier to develop mobile apps, this doesn’t necessarily mean that backend engineers will be out of a job anytime soon.
In fact, many tasks still require specialized skillsets and years of experience — such as database optimization, sharding, data modeling, and query optimization.
Firebase only serves as an abstraction layer over the backend and database, which means it can still benefit from a highly-skilled team of backend engineers.
So, while Firebase is making it easier for developers to create mobile applications with relatively little coding experience, it’s still important for companies to invest in a solid team of backend engineers. That will ensure that their apps are well-optimized, scalable, and secure – both now and in the future.
What Sort of Apps Can Be Created Using Firebase?
There’s no limit to the type of mobile applications that can be created using Firebase.
Come to think about it, it’s already being used to create everything from social networking apps and online games to e-commerce platforms and news feeds. And thanks to its real-time data syncing feature, there are even some innovative use cases for things like IoT devices and intelligent home automation systems.
The only limitation is with the platforms it can be used on. Primarily, the technology was created for iOS and Android apps, but some Firebase APIs can also be used to create the backend functionality for web apps.
Firebase also supports Flutters, C++, Unity, and Unity Android and iOS plugins, making it possible to create apps for just about any platform or device.
Remember that there’s an admin SDK for just about any language/platform you can think of. So even if your app is created for a platform that doesn’t have an official Firebase SDK yet, you should be able to create the necessary backend functionality with little to no trouble.
On top of Firebase SDKs, there’s a Firebase library called Firebase UI that provides a lot of reusable components for adding helpful, easily-customizable UI elements to your app.
That makes it possible to create a highly polished, fully-functional application in record time with minimal effort.
In fact, it even has pre-built user authentication features that you can easily integrate into your application. That makes Firebase the perfect solution for developers who don’t have a lot of experience with backend development or server management.
It goes without mentioning Angular Fire, a library that allows you to easily integrate Firebase with AngularJS, making development even faster and easier.
So, Is Firebase Worth Considering for Your Next Mobile App Project?
If you’re looking for a fast and easy way to create the backend functionality for your mobile applications, Firebase is worth considering.
Not only does it allow you to get your app up and running in no time, but you can also create dynamic apps that can handle real-time data syncing with minimal work.
Plus, the Firebase UI library allows you to add a fully-functional user interface to your application with little to no code.
Overall, it’s a technology worth keeping an eye on if you’re working in the mobile app development space.
10 Key Features of Firebase for Mobile App Developers
1. Real-time Database
The biggest selling point of Firebase is its real-time database, which allows for easy syncing of data across all connected devices.
It allows you to sync data from online and offline sources through a NoSQL database. In addition, it allows for easy collaboration between teams because everyone can see and access the same data in real time.
Your development team has a lot to benefit from this type of database. The core reason is that they can do away with complicated and time-consuming backend development tasks and instead focus on creating a more robust and scalable user interface.
2. Web Hosting
Hosting has never been easier than with Firebase.
This cloud-based platform provides hosting for static files and web applications or sites that can be readily accessed from anywhere without additional hardware or infrastructure setup.
It has three main features — free custom domain name, auto-provisioned SSL certificates, and Global CDN support.
You can deploy your app and website within seconds. All you have to do is install the Firebase CLI and let the platform do the work for you.
Here’s how you deploy your Firebase app:
- Install the CLI
- npm install -g firebase-tools
- Firebase Login
- Initialize Your Firebase Project on the CLI
- firebase init
- Run the Firebase serve command to deploy your app.
Whether a single-page web app, mobile app landing page, progressive web app, or just a static site, Firebase will make the hosting process seamless.
3. Real-time Notifications
Firebase offers real-time notifications that keep your users updated on everything related to them — from new messages to shared media.
Firebase provides cloud messaging services for Android, iOS, and the web. It also comes with a built-in feature that allows you to send messages to users based on their location, language preferences, or even the type of device they’re using.
It features a notice console GUI tool that allows you to send notification messages to users from the Firebase console. You can use it to deliver alerts or content updates.
Advanced Message Targeting allows you to direct messages to specific user segments. You can even integrate it with marketing automation software to deliver more personalized messages and more effective customer engagement.
Follow this link to set up Firebase Cloud Messaging for your app:
4. Real-time Analytics
Firebase offers real-time analytics that allows you to monitor user behaviour throughout the entire user journey, from downloads and signup to retention, engagement, and conversions.
You can use real-time reports to identify where users drop off and take steps to improve their user experience.
It has a built-in dashboard that tracks key metrics, such as app crashes, content consumption, and more. Using this information, you can create customized cohorts of your most valuable customers or find out the main reasons behind your high user churn rate.
Firebase Analytics also supports many third-party integrations such as Flurry, Mix panel, etc. That means you can use it to track your mobile app development efforts across different platforms and apps.
Follow this guide to get started with Firebase Analytics:
5. Remote Config
Firebase Remote Config is a powerful tool that allows you to manage user preferences and create tailored experiences without requiring users to download app updates.
It comes with a set of features to help you quickly test, measure and optimize your app based on your target audience’s live data.
You can use Remote Config to make real-time changes and determine whether these changes improve user behavior.
You can use Remote Config to personalize the content based on a user’s location, language preferences, device type, and characteristics. For example, you can configure your app to show users high-resolution images if they’re using a high-end smartphone or recommend products based on their previous search history.
To get started with Firebase Remote Config, follow the link below:
6. Cloud Functions
Cloud functions allow you to run backend code without worrying about managing servers and infrastructure.
It is a set of functions that run on Google’s infrastructure, allowing you to build real-time event-driven backends that react to cloud events.
You can also run different functions based on the type of event triggered. For example, you can configure your functions to be triggered when a user signs up or logs in.
Using Firebase Cloud Functions, you can create customized server logic without worrying about creating and maintaining your own custom backend.
Firebase functions give you an on-demand backend NodeJs server. And instead of deploying a server that’s active 100% of the time, the functions spin up a server only when an instance is invoked.
Why is this important?
- Access Server Side APIs (such as Stripe, Twilio, SendGrid, etc.)
- Manage server state (when to spin up a new instance of a database so that it can scale)
- Database aggregation, etc
- Custom authentication flow, etc.
Cloud functions are an essential tool for modern mobile app development. They allow you to quickly access server-side APIs, manage server states, and build customized authentication flows without worrying about managing servers and infrastructure.
Using cloud functions, you can ensure your mobile app has the robust backend capabilities needed to meet the needs of modern users while also improving its performance and scalability.
7. The Facility of Machine Learning
One of the key features of Firebase is its built-in machine-learning capabilities. Using these tools, developers can easily incorporate predictive analytics and other AI-powered features into their mobile apps.
The facility of machine learning allows you to leverage advanced data analysis techniques to understand your users better, anticipate their needs, and optimize your app for maximum engagement and retention.
Firebase’s core machine learning features include predictive analytics, dynamic user segmentation, real-time insights, and more.
The machine learning toolkit in Firebase offers ready-to-use APIs that allow you to easily integrate sophisticated mobile functionalities, labeling images, barcode scanning, text recognition, and more.
So, if you’re looking to create a cutting-edge mobile app that leverages the latest machine-learning techniques, Firebase is the platform for you.
Why is This Important?
- Leverage big data analytics and AI to gain insights into users’ behavior and optimize your app
- Expedite development by taking advantage of pre-built machine learning models and APIs
- Improve engagement, retention, and monetization by creating personalized experiences for your users
8. Firebase Crashlytics
Firebase Crashlytics is a powerful crash-reporting and bug-tracking tool that makes it easy to detect and fix bugs in your mobile apps. It provides detailed reports on crashes and errors, allowing you to quickly pinpoint the root cause of issues and resolve them before they impact your users.
Whether you’re building a consumer app or an enterprise solution, Firebase Crashlytics will ensure the quality and reliability of your mobile apps. So, if you’re looking for a robust, easy-to-use crash-reporting solution, look no further than Firebase.
Why is This Important?
- Reduce bugs and crashes by quickly identifying and resolving issues in your mobile app
- Improve your users’ experience by creating reliable, high-quality apps that perform consistently and reliably
- Enhance your development workflow by integrating Firebase with other bug-reporting tools like Jira and Pivotal Tracker.
9. Firebase App Indexing
Firebase App Indexing allows you to index your mobile app content in search engines such as Google, helping users quickly discover and engage with your app from the web. Using this tool, you can link relevant pages within your app to various web-based search queries without building custom functionality.
Some key features of Firebase App Indexing include deep linking support, dynamic links, and more.
10. Firebase Authentication
Firebase Authentication is a powerful yet easy-to-use identity management solution that allows you to authenticate and manage your users securely. Whether you need to support multiple authentication providers or implement two-factor authentication for enhanced security, Firebase Authentication has you covered.
With this feature, you can create an easy signup process for your users, verify and sign-in existing users, manage user accounts, and more. So, if you’re looking to build a scalable, secure authentication system for your mobile app or website, then Firebase Authentication got you covered.
Why is This Important?
- Improve user retention and engagement by providing a secure, reliable sign-in experience for your users
- Reduce development time by taking advantage of ready-to-use authentication and security tools like social login and multi-factor authentication